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    The evolutionary basis of sex differences in parenting and its relationship with child anxiety in Western societies

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    Summary: The university of Amsterdam has once conducted a review to understand the evolutionary basis of differences in paternal and maternal parenting behavior. Especially in Western societies, the study also attempted to understand the inter generational transmission of anxiety, from where it was proposed that it can be more difficult for anxious men to preach their sons their gender role, as anxiety negatively affects their exploring the external world and competing with others, whereas anxiety in women is less likely to have negative affect teaching their gender role of protecting, caring and nurturing to their daughters.

    Source: Journal of Experimental Psychopathology.

    Parenting refers to the act and responsibility of a couple to take care and nurture their offspring. The birth of the first child marks a major transition in the parent’s life, transforming the husband-wife relationship from a diod to triad. This new person, who is totally dependent upon them, changes individuals and changes relationships. The kind of parenting a child receives also depends upon the society in which the family resides.

    The university of Amsterdam have once conducted a review to understand the evolutionary basis of differences in paternal and maternal parenting behavior. Especially in Western societies, the study also attempted to understand the inter generational transmission of anxiety.

    The different skills that males and females developed during the course of human evolution (e.g., risk taking, social competition, taking chances for males, and care, intimate bonding, nurturing, for females), are somewhat expected to be reflected in their parenting behavior, which is at par with confirmatory evidences.

    Researches under review included areas in which fathers’ and mothers’ role in (overcoming) child anxiety is examined. It was understood that some parenting behaviors are protective for anxiety only when they are expressed by the parent of one sex, but as soon as the other parent displays them there is a risk for anxiety development.

    Finally, the researchers reached a point to propose that it can be more difficult for anxious men to preach their sons their gender role, as anxiety negatively affects their exploring the external world and competing with others, whereas anxiety in women is less likely to have negative affect teaching their gender role of protecting, caring and nurturing to their daughters.



    Published: Journal of Experimental Psychopathology.

    Contact: Eline L. Möller. University of Amsterdam.

    Details: Image source Unsplash

     

    Hi, I’m Aarti, My Psychoanalytical approach towards my clients is to empower them to better their lives through improving their relationship with themselves. I believe shame and guilt is a common barrier to change. I aim to guide my clients through re authoring their narratives where shame, guilt, and other problems have less power and take up less space.

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