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    Prospective evaluation of a cognitive vulnerability-stress model for depression: The interaction of schema self-structures and negative life events

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    Summary: Interconnected positive content for interpersonal self referent information have also been found to interact with life events which predicted the depressive symptoms. Cognitive organization dimensions depicted moderate to high stability across the conducted follow-up, which is suggestive of the fact that they might be acting as trait-like vulnerability factors.

    Source: Journal of Clinical psychology.

    Stress is a very known phenomena to all human beings. It is understood as a phenomenon where an individual is not able to cope with a situation because resources available to them are not enough to deal with the situation presented. Stress has attracted the attention of several researchers throughout because of its varied implication on human health.

    In a study conducted by the University of Waterloo, the psychologists attempted to test the diathesis-stress component of the cognitive theory of depression by Beck (1967).

    To begin with, participants had to complete a measure evaluating cognitive organization of the self-schema and also the depressive symptoms. After a year of this, the participants were asked to complete another measure assessing depressive symptoms, cognitive organization of the self-schema, and negative life events.

    The methods employed in the study were hierarchical multiple regression analyses, which was employed for controlling the initial depression, this indicated that more tightly or more compact interconnected negative content were more securely associated with greater elevations in depressive symptoms which were following the occurrence of a traumatic life event.

    More diffusely associated positive content for interpersonal self referent information have also been found to interact with life events which projected the depressive symptoms. Cognitive organization dimensions depicted moderate to high stability across the conducted follow-up, which is suggestive of the fact that they might be acting as trait-like vulnerability factors. Implications for the cognitive vulnerability-stress model of depression are important and critical.



    Published: Journal of Clinical psychology.

    Contact: Pamela M. Seeds, University of Waterloo.

    Details: Image source Istock

     

    Hi, I’m Aarti, My Psychoanalytical approach towards my clients is to empower them to better their lives through improving their relationship with themselves. I believe shame and guilt is a common barrier to change. I aim to guide my clients through re authoring their narratives where shame, guilt, and other problems have less power and take up less space.

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