Summary: Brain receptors help to separate the parts of it responsible for sensing information from those responsible for thinking about and understanding that information. The University of Bristol has created a new technology that can detect signs of breast cancer more accurately. This technology uses light to examine breast tissue and is called Diffuse Optical Tomography. It is designed to be less invasive than current methods and could improve the detection and diagnosis of breast cancer.
Source: The University of Bristol
Research and Discovery on brain
Scientists have found that certain patterns in the brain help it work properly. These patterns are called receptor patterns. Scientists from different countries studied the brains of macaque monkeys and made a map of neurotransmitter receptors. They found out that these receptors may help to tell apart thoughts and feelings that come from inside the body from those that are caused by things outside.
The dataset about the brain is now available for everyone to see. It helps connect information about the brain at different levels, like looking at small parts or the whole thing.
The leader of this research, Sean Froudist-Walsh, who works at the University of Bristol, described the brain as a city to help people understand it better. Brains have been studied a lot recently. Scientists have made a really good map of the traffic lights in our brains. These traffic lights are called neurotransmitter receptors, and they help control how information moves around in our brains.
We have found out that the way traffic lights are arranged can help us understand how we perceive, remember, and feel things.
It’s like discovering how a city’s traffic works, and it helps us understand how a healthy brain works better.
In the future, scientists may use these maps to find which part of the they need to work on with new medicine.
The Explanation on brain
Our research tried to make a very detailed map of some things that work, like traffic lights.
The group used a method called in-vitro receptor autoradiography to measure how many receptors there were in over 100 parts of the brain from six different neurotransmitter systems.
The researchers used math and special machines to look at a lot of information and find similarities. They also had a lot of knowledge about the body to help them understand their findings. This helped them find out how receptors, brain connections, and body parts are connected to each other.
We hope that by studying how the receptors are arranged in the brain. We can better understand how the brain works, how we behave, and how drugs affect us.
In simpler words, This research can help develop new medicines that target specific parts of the brain. Receptors are important for these medicines to work.
Dr. means a person who has completed a higher level of education and has advanced knowledge in a specific field. Froudist-Walsh said: “We will use this information to create computer programs that simulate how the brain works. “
These models that work like the brain can tell us more about how we see and remember things normally and how this might be different for people with schizophrenia or who have taken drugs like magic mushrooms.
We want to connect information from different animals to help us learn more about the brain. We will link detailed information from the brains of mice and rats to what we see happening in the brains of humans on a larger scale.
Making maps of receptor expression in the brain that are available to everyone and combining images of the it could help scientists understand different species faster.
The Human Brain Project’s EBRAINS infrastructure is sharing this information with the neuroscientific community for free. Other computational neuroscientists can use it to create more models based on biology. Scientists from different universities, organizations, and research centers all over the world are working together to study something.
Source : The University of Bristol
Image Source : Canva